Often referred to as a bunion, hallux valgus is a deformity at the major joint of the big toe, otherwise known as the 1st metatarsal phalangeal joint. This condition comes about when the end of the big toe angles towards the smaller toes. Such an abnormal angle causes the joint to enlarge. This enlargement (the bunion) can be red and swollen, is often painful and may stiffen over time.
The most common symptoms associated with bunions include:
The most common causes of bunions include:
Orthotics (Orthoses) – Must be prescribed by a physician
Note that following bunion surgery, orthoses may be required to help prevent reoccurrence.
Custom made orthoses support the skeleton, muscles and fascia in the correct position. Orthoses are a long-term solution to prevent reoccurrence by controlling and / or correcting the mechanics that cause the problem.
Orthotics for bunions may include:
Stability footwear including therapeutic and orthopaedic shoes are integral to the treatment process. Certified Pedorthists are trained to fit patients with appropriate footwear. BioPed offers many types of footwear into which an orthotic device may be placed or worn alone.
Footwear for bunions may have the following characteristics:
Modifications to footwear are also available at the discretion of the Pedorthist.