Golf Injuries To Feet, Knees & Legs

A golf swing can create strain on muscles in the feet, legs, abdomen and back. The fact that the game is usually played on a hilly terrain increases these forces, leading to a higher probability of injury. Proper warm-up and stretching exercises specific to golf can help in injury prevention.

If biomechanical issues exist, these existing stresses will overload certain structures, predisposing the golfer to overuse of muscles and strain on ligaments and tendons. Custom orthotics helps to equalize weight distribution, drawing stress away from overused areas. Other problems, such as tendonitis, capsulitis, and ligament sprains and pulls, can also keep a golf enthusiast back at the clubhouse.  Improper shoes can bring on blisters, neuromas (inflamed nerve endings) and other pains in the feet.  BioPed’s Footcare Specialists see these problems daily and can treat them conservatively to allow for a quick return to the sport.

When injured, participation is no substitute for rehabilitation. Injured body parts must be thoroughly treated and rehabilitated to meet the full demands of golf or any other sport. If you are injured, your return should be gradual. As much as you may want to get back to your game, take it slowly. A healthy body makes for a more enjoyable game and possibly a better scorecard at the end of the day.

Injuries Caused Directly or Indirectly by Foot Function?

Research indicates that recreational golfers tend to sustain more golf injuries than professional level golfers and that more injuries occur as players get older. Generally, overuse injuries tend to occur as we get older because the joint and tendon tissues become less able to withstand stress. Here are the most common ones:

PLANTAR FASCIITIS
A leading cause of pain on the bottom of the heel, is an inflammation of the sole of the foot. This is caused when the plantar fascia, a tough layer of tissue that covers the foot muscles, is stretched and the arch flattens slightly in order to absorb the impact that occurs when your heel hits the ground. Golfers will often complain of pain when first rising in the morning and after periods of rest. Pain will be located in the center of the heel radiating along the arch.

KNEE PROBLEMS
Inflammation or pain in the knees is caused by the twisting motion of the golf swing and sometimes by walking in ill-fitting shoes. Rest, re-evaluation of your swing and foot orthotics can help prevent this condition from occurring.

SHIN SPLINTS
Pain in the muscles of the lower leg is usually caused by excessive walking after a period of inactivity. It can also be caused by over pronation in the feet, putting excessive pressure on the lower leg.

HALLUX LIMITUS
Jamming and deterioration of the big toe joint cartilage is caused by overextension during the follow through. This can cause the joint to swell, stiffen and limit its motion. Hallux Limitus can be so painful that it affects your walking and eventually hampers your swing.

ACHILLES TENDONITIS
This injury occurs when the tendon that connects the shin to the heel becomes inflamed or begins to degenerate. This condition is caused by wearing improper footwear, inflexible calf muscles and neglecting to stretch prior to the start of a golf match. Wear adequately cushioned shoes with a firm arch support, replacing worn-out shoes and stretching and strengthening your calf muscles.

METATARSALGIA
A common cause of pain in the ball of the foot – characterized by a deep, dull or throbbing pain that occurs while sitting and standing. When you walk, the pain can be sharp. Metatarsalgia causes swelling and inflammation near the joint of your second toe. People with a second toe that is longer than the big toe develop this condition at a higher rate than others.

MORTON’S NEUROMA
A painful condition that leads to foot and toe numbness or burning – caused when the tissues surrounding the nerve thicken or when the nerve linked to the toes swells. (People who have Morton’s neuroma describe a sensation as if standing on a pebble). Golfers commonly experience this condition, particularly if they walk a lot or wear tight golf shoes with little room for the toes to flex.

If you’re going to be out golfing this season, keep these  in mind in case of an injury. Want to speak to a Specialist? Find a clinic near you by clicking below.



Read More Articles:
  • custom orthotics

    Custom Orthotics

    Next time you put on your favourite shoes, take a moment to check out the insoles. Often times, you’ll find there’s not a lot in there! Manufacturers typically use thin liners or generic foam insoles that do not provide any support to the arches of your feet. When you purchase insoles from a pharmacy or department store, chances are very high that they are not a perfect match for your feet....

  • Flat Feet & Fallen Arches

    Fallen arches are commonly referred to as flat feet because the feet appear to have a low inside arch, especially when standing. These feet may point away from the midline of the body. Functionally, the arch of the foot is similar in construction to an arched bridge. The center section (arch bone and soft tissue support system) must be strong enough to hold the weight placed upon it. ...

  • Foot Specialists – Canadian Certified Pedorthist, C.Ped(C)

    A good foot specialist that fits you with the proper shoes for your feet is like an eye specialist finding the perfect glasses for your eyes - both are important to your overall health. Our feet are incredible biomechanical structures and require expert care! With each step, the foot acts as both a shock absorber when our heel hits the ground, and a lever, propelling us into the next step. When your feet...

  • Foot Health: The Foundation to a Healthy Body

    You probably recall the childhood song  – “the foot bone’s connected to the ankle bone, the ankle bone’s connected to the leg bone…” While this may have been a broad simplification, there is great truth in this elementary school tune. The human body is like an integrated chain reaction. This means that when one body part is working optimally – others will often follow. When one joint or muscle moves, it creates a chain of reactions in the associated muscles and joints. ...

  • Foot Pain Stretching – Relieve Your Foot Pain

    The symptoms described above are the result of a condition called “Plantar Fasciitis”. The following foot pain stretching techniques are very effective at relieving pain caused by this condition:...

  • Bunions – Relieve The Pain

    Most bunion pain sufferers don't actually know the wide array of solutions that exist to help relive their foot pain. As a result, most bunion pain sufferers simply try and live with it. We are here to change that and provide relief to those suffering from this type of pain....

  • Plantar Fasciitis Foot, Heel & Arch Pain

    Plantar Fasciitis is the most common type of Heel Pain? If you wake up from bed in the morning and experience a shooting heel pain when your feet hit the floor, you could be suffering from Plantar Fasciitis. ...

  • Do You Work On Your Feet All Day?

    Standing all day, whether work or at play, can do a real number on your feet, legs, and back! Each year in Canada, thousands of work-related foot injuries are reported and an increasing number of sick days are taken because of leg and foot problems....