Flat Feet


Flat feet are also commonly known as fallen arches because the feet appear to have a low inside arch, especially when standing. This condition can either be genetic in nature or acquired.  The condition is usually characterized by collapsing of the medial arches (hyperpronation) and feet which may point away from the body (abducted feet).

The most common symptoms associated with flat feet include:
•    Medial arch and heel pain, plantar fascia strain.
•    Joint pain in foot and / or ankle area.
•    Achilles tendon pain.
•    Shin pain
•    Tired, aching calf muscles.
•    Knee pain.


The most common causes of flat feet include:

  • Genetically loose ligaments.
  • Rapid weight gain.
  • Pregnancy.
  • Previous injuries.
  • Foot mal-alignments.

Orthotics (Orthoses) – Must be prescribed by a physician

Custom made orthotics support the skeleton, muscles and fascia in the correct position. Orthotics are a long-term solution to prevent reoccurrence by controlling and / or correcting the mechanics that cause the problem. Orthotics for flat feet may include:

  • A cupped heel to control excessive heel eversion (rolling down and inwards).
  • Extra wedging under the inside of the heel or ball of the foot to correct mal-alignment.
  • Arch support that is reflective of the patient foot type and flexibility.



Footwear including therapeutic and orthopaedic shoes, are integral to the treatment process. Certified Pedorthists are trained to fit patients with appropriate footwear. BioPed offers many types of footwear into which an orthotic device may be placed or worn alone. Footwear for flat feet may have any of the following characteristics:

  • Built with a wide stable sole base that provides greater stability – available in athletic shoes, walking shoes, sandals and boots.

Modifications to footwear are also available at the discretion of the Pedorthist.