What is Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome (PFPS)

Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome (PFPS) is one of the most common knee problems experienced by active adults and adolescents. Yet, at the same time, it can be one of the most difficult to treat. Several treatment approaches are often combined to achieve maximum pain relief and functional improvement

Causes of PFPS

PFPS is the result of the knee cap not being positioned properly, creating an abnormal movement pattern that leads to excessive compression on the small joints beneath it.

Abnormal movement patterns can occur from a wide variety of causes. Some of which include:

• Weakness or tightness of the thigh muscles (quadriceps and hamstrings)
• Muscular imbalances caused by exercise routines
• Hip muscle weakness
• Improper foot mechanic

Signs & Symptoms of PFPS

PFPS is characterized by pain at the front of the knee or behind the knee cap which is aggravated by prolonged sitting, descending stairs, squatting or kneeling. Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome (PFPS) is often described as a gradual onset of pain in the front of the knee cap. The pain is caused by improper tracking and abnormal movement of the knee cap over the bone below.

PFPS Pain-Relief Options


PFPS braces are frequently recommended as they offer supportive straps around the knee cap to encourage a proper movement pattern, thereby reducing pain. They’re available in low-profile styles that fit easily under dress pants and other clothing and are easy to slip on.


BioPed offers stable footwear that provides excellent support for your knees, legs and feet. Ensuring you have footwear with the correct features under your feet is essential when trying to alleviate knee pain. Footwear with support under the arch area and a curvature at the toe (rocker sole) are often recommended.

Custom-made orthotics

If poor foot mechanics are the cause of improper tracking of your knee cap, over the counter insoles or custom made foot orthotics can be created to reduce pain in the short term. This treatment is most effective for those who experience less flexibility at the ankle and greater mobility in the middle area of the foot.

Why Choose BioPed When You Experience PFPS

BioPed Clinicians are specialized in casting, manufacturing, fitting, and modification of many types of custom-made orthotics. BioPed orthotics are made specifically for not just your condition, but your lifestyle and footwear needs as well. Our clinical staff are also specially trained in the fitting of knee braces.

Contact us today to request an appointment with a BioPed Specialist.