A plantar fibroma is a knot or nodule of fibrous tissue that develops in the arch of the foot. They can develop in one or both feet and can be painful to walk on. They can also cause a change in the way you walk, which can put abnormal strain on your body’s joints and soft tissues.
This common growth is usually singular, although multiple nodules are possible in the same foot. The mid-arch region of the foot is the most common location for plantar fibromas to develop, though they can appear anywhere along the underside of your foot. Plantar fibromas are typically slow growing but with time can impair your ability to walk comfortably or wear shoes.
Cause of plantar fibroma in the foot
Researchers and physicians are still unsure about the underlying cause of plantar fibromas, though many believe there is a genetic component involved. Other possible contributing factors include poor footwear (high heels), a pre-existing health disease or medications.
Treatment for plantar fibroma in the foot
Conservative treatment can help reduce the pain and discomfort. Some of the most common non-surgical approaches to treating plantar fibromas include:
- Properly fitted footwear
- Orthotics to take the pressure off of the fibroma
- Cortisone injections by our Chiropodist to manage pain and decrease fibroma size
Surgery to remove the plantar fibroma is a last resort as it causes the arch to flatten, and fibromas can recur.